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Mar 292013

Transworld Paper No.16

by Denny Ellerman

Over the past two decades and in one area of global policy concern, a shift in global leadership can be observed such as some would see as likely to become typical in a more polycentric 21st century. In this instance, the shift of global leadership is from the United States to the European Union in the domain of climate policy. This change in leadership was not result of any contest and has not be marked by rancour. Instead, it reflected domestic conditions in both the US and the EU, which led the one to abandon the customary leadership role it exercised in the latter half of the 20th century and enabled the other to assume leadership in this domain of global policy concern.


Mar 292013

Transworld Paper No. 12

by Andrew Byrne

This paper reviews liberal and realist interpretations of interstate alignment. It looks at the differing forms that alliances and partnerships have taken since the Cold War era with particular reference to the empirical record of transatlantic relations and scenarios for its future. Writers often dismiss realist and liberal interpretations as respectively pessimistic or optimistic about the prospects for transatlantic relations but there is significant debate within each school about the drivers of alignment, how this relates to the agent-structure debate and what this means for transatlantic relations. This paper highlights the shortcomings of purely structural explanations for alignment but also calls into question the functions ascribed to alignment behaviour by scholars of both disciplines. In an era of emerging threats and rising economic powers, theorists will have to address how more informal modes of collaboration can adapt to new challenges in a less Atlantic-centred world.


Nov 202012

Transworld Working Paper 05

by Meltem Müftüler-Baç and
Damla Cihangir

What role does the European integration process play in shaping transatlantic relations, if any? The question brings forth the related issue of whether the EU is able to exercise leadership in fostering changes in the international system and through its relationship with the US. The paper provides a literature review on the EU as a foreign policy actor, specifically the extent to which it contributed to changes in the international system along a multipolar pattern. To do so, the paper looks at the EU’s ability to strengthen multilateralism in international trade, in particular through the WTO and its role in international security through NATO. The paper’s analysis of the EU and its ability to speak with one unified voice is significant in understanding the EU’s role in Transatlantic relations and its ability to become player on its own right with regard to the US.


Oct 012012

Transworld Working Paper 04

by Nathalie Tocci and
Riccardo Alcaro

In a world of growing interconnectedness and shifting power balances, the transatlantic relationship has lost its bearings. Old transatlantic paradigms have run their course, and yet no credible alternative has emerged.
To this end, three steps are necessary: first, identify the changes, at both systemic and actor level, that have contributed to transforming transatlantic relations; second, define a spectrum of possible outcomes involving three ideal typical scenarios: structural drift, functional relationship, and enduring partnership; and third, distinguish the factors that might drive the US-European relationship towards one of these scenarios.
In so doing, the stage is set for re-conceptualizing 21st century transatlantic relations.