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Apr 122013

Transworld Paper No.20

by Nelli Babayan

This paper analyses US approach to human rights and democracy promotion to track the adjustments it has undergone in the last decade. In addition, by focusing on such landmark events as the 9/11 terrorist attacks, changes in the presidency and the Arab Spring, the paper aims to reveal possible patterns in these adjustments. Showing that discursive and practical adjustments to US approach to human rights and democracy promotion have followed from the 9/11 attacks and presidential changes, the paper argues that US policies are likely to be more susceptible to internal, rather than external, developments.


Apr 082013

Transworld Paper No.18

by Nelli Babayan and Alessandra Viviani

This paper reviews the EU’s conceptualizations of human rights and democracy promotion and its relevant policies to trace adjustments and their possible patterns. Concentrating on policy developments after the 2004 enlargement, scheduled policy reviews, the establishment of new policies, and the Arab Spring, the paper aims to show whether the EU has altered its strategies following internal or external developments. The paper suggests that adjustments have been more pronounced after external shocks, while the EU has not been inclined to adjust its approach when extending its democracy promotion to other regions.


Jan 072013

Transworld Working Papers No. 7

by Thomas Risse and Tanja A. Börzel

The emergence of a new model of criminal accountability and of the Responsibility to Protect norm has signaled the change within human rights policies. In addition to new actors within human rights – private actors such as rebel groups and firms – the scholarship on human rights has evolved to include quantitative studies besides previously dominant approach of comparative case studies. This paper reviews the state of the art on human rights and traces the evolution of its scholarship. Afterwards, recognizing the growing influence of the areas of limited statehood on commitment and compliance within human rights, this paper discusses the new agenda for human rights.


Jan 072013

Transworld Working Paper 06

by Nelli Babayan and Daniela Huber

Moving from insignificance to the top of global politics, democracy and human rights promotion has been expected to build on the waves of democratization and ensure rapid development and better protection of human rights. However, while some cases of human rights and democracy promotion have been marked with success – EU enlargement policy to Central and Eastern European countries – others have not lived up to the promise of successful democratization projected after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Today, the policy fields of human rights and democracy promotion are as congested as ever, even with newly democratized states joining in. They also becoming as contested as ever, making one wonder if this diversification is mirroring emerging multipolarity in world politics. This paper analyzes the gradual rise of human rights and democracy promotion to top issues within international affairs, paying attention to the roles of different actors, currently debated issues, and touching upon possible leadership within the highly interconnected fields of human rights and democracy promotion.