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May 062013

Transworld Paper No. 25

by Antony Froggatt, Estelle Rouhaud and Tereza Svacinová

The EU is on track to reach both its Kyoto Protocol commitments and its own 2020 targets for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions (GHG). However, meeting the ambitious 2050 decarbonisation objective will require significant changes across Europe, and in particular in the energy and agricultural sectors. In the energy sector, efficiency and renewable targets are at the heart of the transformation, with major successes recorded in some member states. Conversely, there has been only slow progress regarding the further development of carbon capture and storage, and structural problems remain with the Emissions Trading Scheme. The reform of the Common Agriculture Policy is creating new opportunities to both deliver further reductions in GHG emissions and to adapt the sector, while changing weather patterns and temperatures affect production. Overall, deeper cuts in emissions will require improved integration of agriculture, climate and energy policies, in order to avoid competing measures and contradictory objectives.


May 032013

Transworld Paper No.23

by Helena Schulzová

The United States has since 2008 managed to decrease its greenhouse gas emissions, due to the combined effects of an increased use of shale gas, the economic downturn and subsequent slow recovery, and stimulus investments in the energy sector. Climate change-related topics, however, have become increasingly politicized, with Congress deadlocked on any comprehensive climate change and energy legislation. As a result, the Obama administration is resorting to its own powers to influence climate and energy policy, mainly through increased investment and regulations. Individual US states have also been increasingly active by supporting renewable energy technologies, energy efficiency, energy portfolio standards and even by adopting their own or regional market-based emissions trading system. This paper reviews the various measures taken at the federal and state level to protect the environment and fight climate change, with a view to identifying where leadership in this particular policy domain is exercised in the US.