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Oct 182013

Transworld Paper No. 27

by Tomáš Weiss

This paper analyzes the European Union’s adjustment to the current international security environment. It focuses on the selected issues of terrorism, proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, cyber-security, and failed states. Moreover, it addresses the EU’s engagement of emerging powers, as well as the tools and practices used when approaching other states. Structural and political determinants of the EU adjustment as well as the internal constrains of this process are discussed. The paper concludes that the EU has failed to become a leader in global security policy, although it has adjusted profoundly, it commands considerable capabilities, and it has the potential to play a much more important role. The lack of international leadership can be understood as a function of weak internal institutions and the conflicting interests among the member states.


Sep 142013

Transworld Paper No. 28

by Shoon Murray

How is the United States adjusting to rising powers and power diffusion in the international arena? This working paper investigates post-Cold War adjustments in US policy and discourse on selected transnational issues (terrorism, nuclear proliferation, cyber-security, and weak states), new forms of intervention (humanitarian interventions and post-conflict stabilization), and rising powers. Evidence of effective US leadership to create cooperative threat management varies by issue: for example, it is strong on counter-terrorism, middling on nuclear non-proliferation, nascent on cyber-security, and constrained on the “responsibility to protect.” The issues also vary in how long they have been prioritized by the United States, the level of US commitment to find a solution, their inherent complexity, and the potential for finding common ground given value differences and historic grievances among key players. It is also evident that American policymakers have attempted to draw rising powers into global governance, to create new partnerships, and to invent new cooperative structures to solve common problems; nonetheless, American leaders adhere to the view that the United States remains the “indispensible power”.