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May 062013

Transworld Paper No. 25

by Antony Froggatt, Estelle Rouhaud and Tereza Svacinová

The EU is on track to reach both its Kyoto Protocol commitments and its own 2020 targets for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions (GHG). However, meeting the ambitious 2050 decarbonisation objective will require significant changes across Europe, and in particular in the energy and agricultural sectors. In the energy sector, efficiency and renewable targets are at the heart of the transformation, with major successes recorded in some member states. Conversely, there has been only slow progress regarding the further development of carbon capture and storage, and structural problems remain with the Emissions Trading Scheme. The reform of the Common Agriculture Policy is creating new opportunities to both deliver further reductions in GHG emissions and to adapt the sector, while changing weather patterns and temperatures affect production. Overall, deeper cuts in emissions will require improved integration of agriculture, climate and energy policies, in order to avoid competing measures and contradictory objectives.


May 032013

Tansworld Paper No.24

by Bernice Lee and Diarmuid Torney

Much has been written on the conflicting range of domestic interests that have driven the politics of climate change in the US, and on the potential implications of the US shale gas revolution for US energy and climate outlook. Less analysed is the long term impact of extreme weather events on US public perceptions of climate change. With such extreme events becoming more prevalent, the question arises whether extreme weather could help re-shape US politics and policies on climate change. This paper discusses the political implications of extreme weather events in the US, and the associated public opinion changes. It highlights the challenges confronting the US environmental community in putting in place comprehensive climate policies, and explores how a higher level of awareness on the cost of preparedness and responses presents opportunities to reshape the public narrative around climate change and to mobilise grassroots constituencies in undertaking climate action.

Apr 242013

Transworld Paper No.22

by Annalisa Savaresi

This paper investigates the climate regime as a case study to assess the engagement of non-state actors from across the Atlantic with the global environmental system. After a short introduction on the role of non-state actors in environmental governance, the paper analyses concrete instances where these actors have engaged in formal law-making processes and informal standard-setting exercises, as well as litigation concerning climate change law and policy. The conclusions draw a comparative assessment of the contribution of non-state actors from across the Atlantic to the climate regime, and more general reflections on non-state agency in the global environmental system, raising questions for further investigation.


Mar 292013

Transworld Paper No.14

by Nigel Purvis, Cecilia Springer, and Samuel Grausz

The United States may achieve significant emission reductions by 2020, but a sluggish economy, rising budget deficits, and other factors press against strong US action at home or abroad. This paper seeks to make sense of these trends. It discusses the impact of the recent election and continuing barriers to US climate leadership. It analyzes the factors driving down US emissions and identifies policies that could reduce emissions further in the future. It concludes that, despite continued obstacles to US climate action, recent trends have created an environment of cautious optimism for accelerated climate action by an increasingly climate-friendly administration.